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Coming Clean: The Highs and Lows of the Clean Energy Transition

The Clean Energy transition is an inescapable future that we must prepare for. Utilities and corporations alike are taking major steps towards transitioning the energy landscape, with growing efforts to electricity transportation as one key example of this trendsetter movement – and significant strides have been made by clean technology companies as well. However, the difficulties have become evident as the industry begins to implement these goals. No one thought this transition would be easy, but challenges are emerging that were completely unforeseen, like a multi-year drought in the western United States and a war in Ukraine. Who would have thought that high natural gas prices would push the United States to use 19% more coal in 2021?

Against these headwinds, utilities and regulators across the United States continue to focus on ambitious greenhouse gas reduction targets, and the industry is strategizing how to achieve the clean energy transition. The “how” matters a lot as investments will have to be made across the utility value chain—from energy generation to transmission & distribution and the grid edge. These investments will come in the form of new technologies being deployed at scale (like battery storage and hydrogen) and traditional investments deployed for new purposes (transmission to interconnect renewables). And all of this needs to be done without disruption, at affordable rates.

Importantly, as the industry focuses on electrification of transportation and end-use heat, electric loads are expected to increase by 50% between now and 2050[1]. The clean energy transition will require new investments across the value chain that will have to be installed to meet the amounts and types of loads the electric system has never seen, with demands that will behave differently when compared to the past.

Generation Mix

As we contemplate the energy generation mix, significant investments are expected in intermittent renewables, which raises the question of the role of baseload power and the need for the minimum amount of electric power needed to be supplied to the electrical grid at any given time. The new generation mix will be different, but how and when matter. Natural gas generation will continue to play a significant role for the foreseeable future (notwithstanding recent gas-to-coal switching). How does this complement of resources meet the electric loads anticipated in the coming decades? How will new technologies such as small modular reactors and fusion develop to help meet these needs? What role will grid-scale storage play?

Energy Transmission

Transmission is once again literally and figuratively at the center of the energy future (and yes, some of us remember when it took center stage in the early 2000s). Without transmission connecting new generation resources, the United States will not meet its clean energy transition goals. As such, incenting the right transmission to be built in the right places is critical. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) is working on several fronts to address transmission development’s various challenges. Will that be enough?

Grid Modernization

As customers purchase electric cars and add solar panels and batteries to their homes, the distribution side of the grid is seeing tremendous change. Utilities are learning to manage the grid differently and are investing in technologies to enable capabilities not even contemplated 20 years ago. The combination of customer demand, regulatory enablement, enhanced demand management, and energy efficiency are shifting how the grid is operated.

How We Help

ScottMadden can help Utilities and Corporations envisage and design the clean energy transition. We work in every business unit and every function and understand how these changes will impact you and your team. We work with you to meet these strategic imperatives while continuing to focus on what you and your team have always done—keeping the lights on and customer costs reasonable.

Projected Capital Expenditures by Category for Selected Energy Utilities
ScottMadden has supported all 20 of the top 20 utilities.

The ScottMadden Way

We work step by step with clients to ensure each project’s success. Our strong team of consultants employs an adaptable framework to guide clients to the best decision for their unique situations. We do what we say we are going to do with integrity, tenacity, and a genuine passion for the work throughout the entire project.

Learn more about our Energy practice area.

Case Studies

Helped a large, federal power authority identify the need to drive customer adoption of 200,000 electric vehicles (EVs) within its seven-state service territory over a seven-year timeframe.

Developed an EV-transformation initiative and EV strategy, which ultimately led to the development of a multistate DC fast-charging (DCFC) network

Produced program guidelines for operation and oversight of the DCFC network, including a program overview, site selection guidelines, and best practices

Received 70 initial responses from customers indicating their interest in installing DCFC stations

A mid-size vertically integrated electric utility announced one of the most aggressive net-zero carbon emissions goals in the United States. ScottMadden was engaged to facilitate a long-term resource strategy that could meet ambitious decarbonization goals while maintaining (or improving upon) current levels of reliability.

Developed a framework for evaluating technologies which included technology maturity, scale of potential carbon abatement, overnight and operating costs, capacity factors, risk, and dispatchability

Engaged with the client’s resource planning team, using their IRP model, to interactively solve for the desired emission levels and understand financial and operational impacts

Prepared the leadership team to approach their board and regulators with the financial impact of the plan under varying costs of carbon to help inform decision making

Ultimately, created a plan to achieve more than 15 million tons per year of CO2 reduction by 2050

[1] Institute for Energy Research,

For more information on how ScottMadden can assist your clean energy efforts while ensuring reliability in an increasingly dynamic environment, please contact us.
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